Aristotle - Philosophy and Ethics
Together with his teacher Plato and Socrates, Aristotle was the founder of modern Western philosophy. His philosophic thoughts are still an object of academic study today. Aristotle's philosophy covered many topics such as ethics, politics, rhetoric and poetics.
Ethics is a philosophical subject which handles the question of the best way to live. Aristotle's answer to this question was to live the life of philosophy and contemplation.
Aristotle's politics are about the natural community of a city. In Aristotle's treatises the aim of the city is not just to prevent injustice or keep economic safety, but rather to allow at at least some citizens the possibility to live a good life. The word politics is derived from the greek word polis (city).
In Aristotle's treatises rhetoric was one of the three key elements of philosophy, along with logic and dialectic. These elements together create a system of persuasion based on knowledge instead of manipulation of emotion.
Aristotle's treatise on poetics is supposed to be the first surviving work on philosophy with focus on literary theory. In ancient Greek poetry included drama, comedy and tragedy as well as satyr play and epic poetry.